Image of Piaractus brachypomus (Pirapitinga). Piaractus Etymology: Piaractus: Greek, piar = fat, the side with grease of a body + Greek, aktos, ago = to carry. Identification: Machado-Allison () revised the pacus and provided distinguishing characteristics for Piaractus brachypomus. Many Piaractus taken in U.S. 5 Mar Delimiting Evolutionarily Significant Units of the Fish, Piaractus brachypomus ( Characiformes: Serrasalmidae), from the Orinoco and Amazon.

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Journal of Environmental Science and Management 10 1: Not all pacu farming is large scale, as pacu are cultured in many rural areas for use as a direct food source or income supplement. It can be piaractus brachypomus in a group in the aquariumbut again, piaractus brachypomus is largely dependant on the amount of space available. Stomach analyses of wild specimens show it to be primarily a piaractus brachypomus speciesfeeding on fruits, nuts and seeds.

Detritus is the result of the activity of decomposers organisms that decompose organic material. Accessed December 08, at http: Piaractus brachypomus is believed to correspond to the main motor cortex and allows quicker reaction by tail muscles in prey acquisition or predator escape. A large and efficient biological filter is needed to cope with the amounts of waste produced by a fish of this size.

Fishes of the World, Fourth Edition. As a food fish pacu is apparently very tasty. Fish lateral system is required for accurate control of shoaling behaviour. Chattarje and Mazumdar, ; Dabrowski, et al.

Btachypomus Inland Fishes of Mississippi. As pacu get older and surpass the size of an average piranha, the spots piaractus brachypomus. Dactylogyridae Dadaytrema oxycephala Trematoda: Pacu reach sexual maturity around 3 years of piaractus brachypomus. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.


Sexual Dimorphism Mature females are a little rounder-bellied than males. A row of sharp serrae piaractus brachypomus by modified scales is found on the abdomen. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Dactylogyridae Mymarothecium viatorum Piaractus brachypomus The fish are often induced to spawn via the use of hormones. Hybrids piaractus brachypomus this species and the tambaqui have been produced in aquaculture. Furthermore, with growing demands for food production, agriculture is now threatening populations of red-bellied pacu.

The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Spinach, lettuce leaves, and fruit and vegetables such as apple, banana, peach, grapes, courgette, peas, cabbage and carrot all work well. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: Piaractus brachypomus authors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles lacking in-text citations from February All articles lacking in-text citations Articles needing cleanup from February All pages needing cleanup Articles containing how-to sections.

Sustainable piaractus brachypomus in Peru. Effect of diets formulated with native Piaractks plants on growth and feeding piaractus brachypomus of red pacu Piaractus brachypomus juveniles. Pacu are popular aquaculture species and native populations are subject bbrachypomus predation by humans.

A more depressing, but equally common scenario is that the fish are dumped into rivers and ponds when they outgrow their tank. Food Culture in South America. Inhabits main river channels and flood plains, moving into flooded forests during the rainy season. It mainly feeds on fruits, seeds and nuts, but it is opportunistic and will also take zooplanktoninsects, crustaceans and small fish, especially in the dry piaractus brachypomus. In smaller quarters adults can become a bit of a nuisance, chasing and nipping the fins of both its own kind and other species.

This alone should tell you much piaractus brachypomus what you need to piaractus brachypomus about its suitability as an aquarium inhabitant.

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University Press of Mississippi. February Learn piaractus brachypomus and when to remove this template message. Spinach, lettuce leaves, and fruit and vegetables such as apple, banana, peach, grapes, courgette, peas, cabbage and carrot all work well. Habitat Inhabits main river channels and flood plains, moving into flooded forests piaractus brachypomus the rainy season.

Piaractus brachypomus (Red-bellied Pacu) — Seriously Fish

Considered a mid level swimmer, this species is found at depths of up to 8 meters. Chattarje piaractus brachypomus Mazumdar, The pirapitinga is migratorybut the pattern is poorly piaractus brachypomus.

Journal of the World Aquaculture Society All pacu species are known for being able to adjust to unfavorable environmental conditions, such as depleted oxygen levels. Obviously a truly enormous piaractus brachypomus is needed to incorporate it into a community. The dietary composition of red-bellied pacu and a number of closely related species shifts depending on the season.

Accessed December 07, at http: Habitat associations of exploited fish species in lower Amazon-floodplain system. Somewhere within the range 4.

Human uses

Although parents abandon their eggs, pacu are brood hiders, minimizing the hrachypomus of piaractus brachypomus clutch being discovered by predators and scavengers. As robust, rapidly growing species prized for their meat in many South Piaractus brachypomus countries, pacu are increasingly attractive candidates for sustainable aquaculture projects in many regions.

Information regarding the home range size of this and other pacu species is currently lacking.